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Bandwidth Test
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General Information

Summary

The Bandwidth Tester can be used to monitor the throughput only to a remote MikroTik router (either wired or wireless) and thereby help to discover network "bottlenecks".

Specifications

Packages required: system
License required: Level1
Submenu level: /tool
Standards and Technologies: TCP (RFC 793), UDP (RFC768)
Hardware usage: significant

Description

Protocol Description

The TCP test uses the standard TCP protocol with acknowledgments and follows the TCP algorithm on how many packets to send according to latency, dropped packets, and other features in the TCP algorithm. Please review the TCP protocol for details on its internal speed settings and how to analyze its behavior. Statistics for throughput are calculated using the entire size of the TCP data stream. As acknowledgments are an internal working of TCP, their size and usage of the link are not included in the throughput statistics. Therefore this statistic is not as reliable as the UDP statistic when estimating throughput.

The UDP tester sends 110% or more packets than currently reported as received on the other side of the link. To see the maximum throughput of a link, the packet size should be set for the maximum MTU allowed by the links which is usually 1500 bytes. There is no acknowledgment required by UDP; this implementation means that the closest approximation of the throughput can be seen.

Usage Notes

Caution! Bandwidth Test uses all available bandwidth (by default) and may impact network usability.

Bandwidth Test uses much resources. If you want to test real throughput of a router, you should run bandwidth test through it not from or to it. To do this you need at least 3 routers connected in chain: the Bandwidth Server, the given router and the Bandwidth Client:

bandwidth server

Note that if you use UDP protocol then Bandwidth Test counts IP header+UDP header+UDP data. In case if you use TCP then Bandwidth Test counts only TCP data (TCP header and IP header are not included).

Server Configuration

Submenu level: /tool bandwidth-server

Property Description

allocate-udp-ports-from - allocate UDP ports fromauthenticate (yes | no; default: yes) - communicate only with authenticated (by valid username and password) clientsenable (yes | no; default: no) - enable client connections for bandwidth testmax-sessions - maximal number of bandwidth-test clients

Notes

The list of current connections can be obtained in session submenu

Example

Bandwidth Server:

[admin@MikroTik] tool bandwidth-server> print
                  enabled: yes
             authenticate: yes
  allocate-udp-ports-from: 2000
             max-sessions: 10
[admin@MikroTik] tool>

Active sessions:

[admin@MikroTik] tool> bandwidth-server session print
  # CLIENT          PROTOCOL DIRECTION USER
  0 35.35.35.1      udp      send      admin
  1 25.25.25.1      udp      send      admin
  2 36.36.36.1      udp      send      admin
  
[admin@MikroTik] tool>

To enable bandwidth-test server without client authentication:

[admin@MikroTik] tool bandwidth-server> set enabled=yes authenticate=no
[admin@MikroTik] tool bandwidth-server> print
                  enabled: yes
             authenticate: no
  allocate-udp-ports-from: 2000
             max-sessions: 10
[admin@MikroTik] tool>

Client Configuration

Command name: /tool bandwidth-test

Property Description

(IP address) - IP address of destination hostassume-lost-time (time; default: 0s) - assume that connection is lost if Bandwidth Server is not responding for that timedirection (receive / transmit / both; default: receive) - the direction of the testdo (name | string; default: "") - script sourceduration (time; default: 0s) - duration of the test

0s - test duration is not limited

interval (time: 20ms..5s; default: 1s) - delay between reports (in seconds)local-tx-speed (integer; default: 0) - transfer test maximum speed (bits per second)

0 - no speed limitations

local-udp-tx-size (integer: 40..64000) - local transmit packet size in bytespassword (text; default: "") - password for the remote userprotocol (udp | tcp; default: udp) - protocol to userandom-data (yes | no; default: no) - if random-data is set to yes, the payload of the bandwidth test packets will have incompressible random data stream so that links that use data compression will not distort the results (this is CPU intensive and random-data should be set to no for low speed CPUs)remote-tx-speed (integer; default: 0) - receive test maximum speed (bits per second)

0 - no speed limitations

remote-udp-tx-size (integer: 40..64000) - remote transmit packet size in bytesuser (name; default: "") - remote user

Example

To run 15-second long bandwidth-test to the 10.0.0.211 host sending and receiving 1000-byte UDP packets and using username admin to connect

[admin@MikroTik] tool> bandwidth-test 10.0.0.211 duration=15s direction=both \
\... size=1000 protocol=udp user=admin
                status: done testing
                duration: 15s
              tx-current: 3.62Mbps
    tx-10-second-average: 3.87Mbps
        tx-total-average: 3.53Mbps
              rx-current: 3.33Mbps
    rx-10-second-average: 3.68Mbps
        rx-total-average: 3.49Mbps

[admin@MikroTik] tool>
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